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Significance:

1. MTR is part of the huge tiger landscape in the Southern peninsular India and serves as “Source population” of tigers in the region.

2. Mudumalai is situated in Westernghats; which has been included in the “World Heritage” list of UNESCO.

3. It is an important landscape for Asiatic elephants with high densities.

4. It is in the confluence of Western and Eastern ghats. Has an incredibly rich diversity of fauna and flora; it is one of the mega Biodiversity areas of the nation. The reserve acts as a corridor for wildlife from Eastern Ghats to Western Ghats and vice versa.

5. It is an important regional tourism hub famous for ecotourism particularly known for wilderness tourism in south India.

6. This reserve Harbours 227 species of Birds, 50 species of Fishes, 21 species of Amphibians, 34 species of Reptiles.



A wide variety of vegetation types can be seen as one travel from eastern to western part of the Tiger Reserve. There is a rainfall gradient from east to west and the change in vegetation is believed to be as result of the spatial-temporal rainfall gradient. The Eastern part of this reserve falls in the rain shadow region of Western Ghats which supports dry thorn forest. Vegetation type gradually changes from dry thorn forest to dry deciduous, moist deciduous and a patch of wet evergreen forests on the western part of the reserve.

The Tigers are one of the biggest and most fearsome cats of the world and Mudumalai Tiger Reserve is home to tigers. Also, such a varied habitat is inhabited by a variety of animals which includes large mammals like Elephants, Indian Gaur, Wild Boar, Sloth bear; Ungulates like Sambar, Spotted Deer, Barking Deer, Mouse Deer, four horned antelope; Carnivores like Leopard, Wild dog, Jackal Mongoose, Jungle Cat, Rusty Spotted cat, Leopard cat and common Indian Civets.



Approach and Access:

Main centre for Mudumalai Tiger reserve is located in Theppakadu, where the receptions centre, interpretation centre and elephant camp are situated. The main reception and enquiry is located in the Office of the Field Director at Udhagamandalam.

Mudumalai Tiger Reserve is about 240 Km from Bangalore, about 100 Km from Mysore and about 68 Km from Udhagamandalam (Ooty) by road. The reserve straddles the Ooty-Mysore interstate highway, roughly midway between the two cities and thus could be approached with equal facility either way. From Ooty, another approach is through extremely steep ghat road via Kalhatti having 36 hair-pin bends on a narrow road, but with a truncated distance of approximately 40 Km. The nearest railway stations to Mudumalai are Mysore, about 100 Km and Udhagamandalam about 68 Km. The nearest airports are in Coimbatore (160 Km) and in Bengaluru (240 Km). The nearest towns for medical facility, petrol bunks are Gudalur (15 Km) ,and Masinagudi (7 Km).

Weather:

Mudumalai experiences cold weather during the months of December and the beginning of January with average temperature 16-26 C and hot weather is experienced during the months of March and April with average temperature of 19-30 C. In general, the weather is equable.

 

For more details about Mudumalai Tiger Reserve www.mtr.nic.in

 
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